Color is a crucial element of any design, whether it’s a fine art painting or a room in your home. Both individual colors and combinations of color can set a certain mood, attract attention or make a statement. Warm colors, such as strong reds and oranges have been shown to raise blood pressure while cool blues and greens tend to have a calming effect. By selecting the appropriate color scheme for your room, you can create whichever type of atmosphere you desire, whether it be warm and vibrant - providing energy and vitality, or cool and serene - creating a calming and soothing mood. Selecting the proper color scheme can lead to spectacular results when designing your new room!
Colors that sit directly opposite from each other on the color wheel are said to be complementary - red and green, blue and orange, yellow and purple, etc. Complementary colors are usually best used in small doses as the high contrast can become garish if overdone.
Analogous color schemes are composed of colors that sit adjacent to each other on the color wheel. Analogous colors are great for creating a comfortable and relaxing design. When working with these colors, it’s best to choose one color to dominate and another to support while a third can make a great accent.
Triadic colors are three colors evenly spaced around the color wheel. This is a vibrant color scheme even with unsaturated hues and must be used carefully to avoid creating a jarring effect. Successful use of triadic colors often involves using one color to dominate and the others as accents.
The split complementary scheme uses two colors opposite each other on the color wheel along with the adjacent colors of one of the base colors. Although it generally creates less tension, the split complementary scheme maintains the strong visual contrast of the complementary
Sometimes referred to as rectangle, the tetradic color scheme makes use of four colors arranged into two complementary pairs. When using a tetradic scheme, it’s best to let one color dominate while the others are reserved for support. It is also important to maintain a proper balance of warm and cool tones.
Very similar to the tetradic scheme, the square variation spaces all four colors evenly around the color wheel. Like the tetradic, it’s best to let one color be dominant while the others are used for support. Also, like the tetradic, a proper balance of warm and cool tones is very important.